# Dangl.Calculator

This calculator is using the ANTLR4 C# target to calculate results from formulas that are passed in as string.

Whenever a calculation is performed, a `CalculationResult`

is returned with the following properties:

Property | Type | |
---|---|---|

IsValid | bool | `true` if the formula could be parsed and calculated, else `false` |

ErrorPosition | int | Position of the offending symbol in the line, 0 based index, for invalid results, else null |

ErrorMessage | string | ANTLR error message for invalid formulas, else null |

Result | double | `NaN` for invalid formulas, else the actual result |

## Installation

Install it via NuGet: `Dangl.Calculator`

CI builds are available via MyGet.

```
https://www.myget.org/F/dangl/api/v3/index.json
```

## Compatibility

This project targets both `netstandard1.1`

and `net45`

. Due to .Net 4.5.2 being the currently latest supported version
by Microsoft and the xUnit test suite, no tests are run for `net45`

and `net451`

.

## Project Configuration

If this project is consumed in a project using the full .Net framework with a newer version of
`Antlr4.Runtime`

, the necessary AssemblyBindingRedirects are not automatically generated with the current
dotnet CLI tooling. This is scheduled to be fixed with the 2.0 release. In the meantime, the following should
be added to the consumers `csproj`

:

```
<PropertyGroup Condition=" '$(TargetFramework)' == 'net461' ">
<AutoGenerateBindingRedirects>true</AutoGenerateBindingRedirects>
<GenerateBindingRedirectsOutputType>true</GenerateBindingRedirectsOutputType>
</PropertyGroup>
```

The `Condition=" '$(TargetFramework)' == 'net461' "`

attribute may be changed as necessary or removed.

## Example

```
using Dangl.Calculator;
public void Example()
{
var formula = "5+5";
var calculation = Calculator.Calculate(formula);
Console.WriteLine(calculation.Result);
Console.WriteLine(calculation.IsValid);
// 10.0
// true
}
```

## Supported functions

Expression | |
---|---|

`FLOOR expression` |
Round down to zero accuracy |

`CEIL expression` |
Round up to zero accuracy |

`ABS expression` |
Absolute value |

`ROUNDK '(' expression ';' expression ')'` |
Round expr_1 with expr_2 accuracy |

`ROUND expression` |
Round with zero accuracy |

`TRUNC expression` |
Trim decimal digits |

`SIN expression` |
Sinus |

`COS expression` |
Cosinus |

`TAN expression` |
Tangens |

`COT expression` |
Cotangens |

`SINH expression` |
Sinus Hypererbolicus |

`COSH expression` |
Cosinus Hyperbolicus |

`TANH expression` |
Tangens Hyperbolicus |

`ARCSIN expression` |
Inverse Sinus |

`ARCCOS expression` |
Inverse Cosinus |

`ARCTAN expression` |
Inverse Tangens |

`ARCTAN2 '(' expression ';' expression ')'` |
Atan2 |

`ARCCOT expression` |
Inverse Cotangens |

`EXP expression` |
e ^ expr |

`LN expression` |
Logarithm to e |

`EEX expression` |
10 ^ expr |

`LOG expression` |
Logarithm to 10 |

`RAD expression` |
Angle to radians (360° base) |

`DEG expression` |
Radians to angle (360° base) |

`SQRT expression` |
Square root |

`SQR expression` |
Square product |

`expression op = ('^'\|'**') expression` |
expr_1 to the expr_2 th power |

`expression (MOD \| '%' ) expression` |
Modulo |

`expression DIV expression` |
Whole part of division rest |

`expression op = ('~'\|'//') expression` |
expr_1 nth root of expr_2 |

`expression op = ('*'\|'/') expression` |
Multiplication or division |

`expression op = ('+'\|'-') expression` |
Addition or subtraction |

`NUMBER` |
Single integer or float number |

`'(' expression ')'` |
Expression within parentheses |

`PI '()'?` |
Mathematical constant pi = 3,141593 |

`expression E+ expression` |
Exponent, e.g. 10e+43 |

`expression E- expression` |
Inverted Exponent, e.g. 10e-43 |

`EULER` |
Mathematical constant e = 2,718282 |

`'-' expression` |
Unary minus sign (negative numbers) |

`'+' expression` |
Unary plus sign (positive numbers) |

*expression* may be any expression as functions can be nested. Example: `DEG(2*PI)`

or `LOG(10^3)`

.

Formulas can be case invariant, e.g. `SIN`

, `sin`

and `siN`

are all considered the same.

## Comments in Formulas

Comments in Formulas are supported by encapsulating them either in `/*...*/`

, `'...'`

or `"..."`

quote styles. Examples:

`4/*Length*/*3/*Width*/`

resolves to `12`

`4'Length'*3'Width'`

resolves to `12`

`4"Length"*3"Width"`

resolves to `12`